A Brief History of Tae Kwon Do
The origin of Tae Kwon Do in Korea can be traced back to the Koguryo dynasty, founded in 37 BC. Through the study of ancient Korea and its history, we can infer that the Koguryo people started practicing Tae Kwon Do during 3 AD and 427 AD.
Jidokwan Tae Kwon Do
Tae Kwon Do was also practiced during the Silla dynasty. Silla was a kingdom founded in the southeastern part of the land some 20 years before Koguryo in the North. Silla was famous for its Hwa-Rong-Do, made up of youths or noble families, devoted to cultivating mind and body in order to better serve Silla. Hwa-Rong-Do was based on the code of honor, which include loyalty to the nation, respect and obedience to one's parents, faithfulness to one's friends, courage in battle and avoidance of unnecessary violence and killing. The Hwa-Rong-Do not only regarded the Tae Kwon Do practice for their unarmed combat study as an essential part of physical and military training, but also recommended it as a recreational activity. The Hwa-Rong-Do played an essential role in unifying the three kingdoms, Silla, Koguryo, and Bakjai. Silla was the smallest Kingdom of the three.
Korean culture and the native martial arts were strongly influenced and enriched by this group of men, and modern students of Tae Kwon Do owe them a debt of gratitude for preserving and refining the various forms of unarmed combat present during this era. Understanding Hwa-Rong-Do's philosophy is an essential part of mastering Tae Kwon Do.
Studies show that many fighting stances, skills, and formalized movements used in the three kingdoms closely resemble the present stances and forms of Tae Kwon Do. Therefore, it can be inferred that people in the three kingdoms practice an art very like the one we study today.
Tae Kwon Do has grown as a unique Korean self-defense art for about 20 centuries. Today, the popularity and enthusiasm for Tae Kwon Do are not only domestic but worldwide because of the dominant superiority of Tae Kwon Do over any other kind of self-defense art in the world. The history of Tae Kwon Do proves that it is far more than a self-defense form or a method of hurting people. Not only does it encourage positive moral values such as trust and courage, but Tae Kwon Do develops self confidence and respect. With all these things in mind, we can understand why Tae Kwon Do is a way of life.
The values of Tae Kwon Do:
■ Loyalty - showing of appreciation
■ Respect and Obedience - to be good and helpful partners to one another
■ Trustworthiness - pursuit of honor
■ Courage - to believe in oneself
■ Do not take life unjustly - to do what is right; using the skills of Tae Kwon Do with good judgment
First Rule of Tae Kwon Do: Avoiding conflict is a sign of wisdom
Ji Do Kwon Tae Kwon Do
At Walker's, the Ji Do Kwon form of Taekwondo is taught. Ji Do Kwon is one of major Tae Kwon Do associations, which is sanctioned by the World Taekwondo Association WTF (Kukkiwon). The symbol of Ji Do Kwon is a flower in the shape of a figure 8 within a circle. The flower signifies peace; specifically, the water lily is representative of life, health, honor, service, and luck; the circle represents love, novelty and happiness.
Practitioners of Ji Do Kwon are encourage to live the philosophy upon which the art is built; to spread throughout the continents of the world the spirit of Ji Do Kwon. The spirit of Ji Do Kwon is getting up eight times when you have fallen seven times, standing upright in the face of all tribulations, and never giving in to failure.
All Ji Do Kwon practitioners adhere to the following creed, manners, and pledge:
Creed of Ji Do Kwon:
■ Tae Kwon Do for my country
■ Tae Kwon Do for myself
■ Tae Kwon Do for Ji Do Kwon
Jidokwan Symbol The Symbology of the Jidokwan Badge and Emblem
Their symbol is the double red circle that looks like a red snowman. It depicts the early kicking target that rolls to the floor and bounces back after each strike. Their philosophy here is with perseverance - Never give up - Never quit - Get knocked down nine times, get up ten.
The symbol of Jidokwan is made up of three main parts. In the symbol, each of the three circles make within themselves a whole, with no beginning or end. Each of these symbolic circles represents different aspects to us as students of Jidokwan.
The large outer circle represents the universe holding inside all we know and all we need around us within its mighty aspect. The larger circle inside represents our earth. The smaller circle represents the life on earth.
When all three circles are placed together we see contact, one with the other.
The outer eight pedals are the Buddhist lotus flower. There are eight pedals that represent the Eight Fold Path. The Eight Fold Path is the fourth of the Four Noble Truths, the core of what the Buddha taught in order to relieve suffering by the destruction of ignorance (internal obstacles). The eight outer pedals are called the "Palsungdo," or in English, Eight Sacred Ways.
The colours of red gold and blue are each significant to the symbology of the Jidokwan emblem. Red is the colour of energy and power, courage and attention. Gold is for spirituality and freedom. Blue is for peace, calm and friendship.
Do not criticize any of the other martial arts. Speak ill of others and it will surely come back to you. The mountain does not laugh at the river because it is lowly, nor does the river speak ill of the mountain because it cannot move about.
Spirit of the Eight Manners of Solemnity:
■ View Rightly
■ Feel Rightly
■ Think Rightly
■ Speak Rightly
■ Order Rightly
■ Contribute Rightly
■ Have Ability
■ Conduct Rightly
■ Pledge of the Member
I will observe the rule and absolutely obey the order of Ji Do Kwon.
I will attain the physical and mental discipline in the Spirit of Ji Do Kwon.
I will devote myself to the creation of new tradition and achievement of Ji Do Kwon.